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Initial Coin Offering Guide

In the area of cryptocurrencies and blockchain, a fundraising strategy known as an ICO, or initial coin offering, is used. It is comparable to an IPO (Initial Public Offering), however there are some significant variations. Startups frequently use ICOs to acquire capital, and the major benefit is that it does it without the need of middlemen, establishing a direct line of communication between the business and investors. A key advantage of ICOs is the alignment of the interests of the two parties. 

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are a type of crowdfunding that startups utilize to raise money. With this type of cryptocurrency, investors can obtain particular “tokens” that stand in for their monetary investments in the company. Investors may use the tokens as a form of payment to gain access to particular features of a project run by the entity issuing them. Open-source software initiatives that would not otherwise be funded through conventional frameworks can be funded through the creation and sale of these digital tokens. In general, ICOs are a distinctive and cutting-edge method for start-ups to raise money and finance their initiatives.

Understanding Initial Coin Offering Types: Private and Public

ICOs come in two forms: 

Private ICOs 

Only a small number of accredited investors, such as financial institutions and high-net-worth individuals, are permitted to participate in private ICOs. The business may also establish a minimal investment level. 

Public ICOs 

A type of crowdfunding that caters to the broader public is public ICOs. They provide a more accessible kind of investing that makes it possible for practically anyone to invest. Regulator worries, however, have made private ICOs a more practical choice than public sales. 

With the introduction of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, ICOs have become more and more popular. Through ICOs, more than $7 billion was raised in 2017. This number nearly doubled by the year 2018. A supplier of instant messaging services, Telegram, carried out the largest ICO to date. The UK-registered business raised more than $1.7 billion during a private ICO. 

Why Start-ups Choose Coin Offerings Over Venture Capitalists

Coin offers are becoming more popular among startups as a means of funding because of its advantages over traditional venture capitalists. The causes of this are discussed in this article.

Raising More Money 

Start-ups can raise more money through coin offerings than through venture capitalists ever could. For instance, five years after its founding, Coinbase, the most valued virtual currency business funded with venture capital, raised $100 million. In contrast, despite not even having a functional product, Filecoin raised more than $200 million on the same day.

Retaining Ownership 

The fact that start-ups can avoid ceding ownership of their technology to outside investors is another benefit of coin offers. Programmers can then create open-source projects that nobody will own, like the Filecoin cloud storage network, which will be run by its users rather than a centralized organization.

Why ICOs Are a Popular Way to Raise Capital

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) have grown in popularity as a way for startups to use crowdfunding to raise money. Through ICOs, investors might obtain distinctive “tokens” that stand in for their monetary investments in the company. Investors may be able to use these tokens to gain access to particular aspects of a project run by the issuing business. This type of cryptocurrency offers start-ups an original and creative approach to finance open-source software projects that would otherwise be challenging to fund using conventional arrangements.

Advantages of ICOs

ICOs have several advantages:


Tokens can theoretically be created and distributed in a relatively short period of time because creating an Ethereum-based token like ERC-20 just requires 100 lines of code.


Investors can buy and sell tokens more easily because they are offered 24/7 on the global marketplace.

No gatekeepers

Anyone with a crypto-wallet can donate money to ICOs immediately from anywhere in the globe. By doing this, intermediaries like banks and venture capitalists are no longer required.


Unless explicitly stated in the smart contract, ownership rights are not granted to token holders by tokens. As a result, token holders are not treated as shareholders and are not entitled to vote.


ICOs draw early adopters, who support your success by uniting the early user base. This can help your project gain attention and interest.

Minimal Bureaucracy

Depending on the regulatory status of your token, the amount of disclosure requirements and paperwork may be minimal. Starting businesses can raise finance more easily as a result of the lack of burdensome legal and regulatory constraints.

An Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is a form of fundraising that harnesses the power of cryptographic assets and blockchain-based trading. An ICO allocates tokens instead of shares to investors. Each ICO will have unique terms and conditions.

Challenges of ICOs

Despite their many benefits, ICOs are not without their drawbacks. The cryptocurrency market is fiercely competitive, and both regulators and the community will closely monitor your initiative. You may get a general idea of the effort required to execute a successful ICO from this article.

Creating Virtual Currency 

Given that Bitcoin and Ethereum’s underlying software is open-source, creating virtual currencies is simpler than it might first appear. The computer code can be modified by anyone to produce a virtual currency with slightly different properties. The harder element, though, is persuading people that a new coin would be valuable; hence, many coins that are introduced never gain any value. Some businesses have made the decision to develop brand-new software for their coinage that has features that set it apart from Bitcoin and Ethereum.



[1] Initial Coin Offering (ICO) – Overview, Types, and How it … 

[2] Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) for SME Financing 

[3] Success factors of initial coin offerings

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